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Some companies choose to face shortage of workers to replace the manual acquisit
Time : 2011-2-17 Hits : 1998 Font : Small Medium Larger [back]
"Surplus labor" seems to suddenly disappear, in addition to improved treatment, many companies are actively seeking to transition, or even replace the manual acquisition of machinery
"My job is to present the most important work." As with many bosses, Hong Kong enterprises in Dongguan Yakang Leather & Plastic Hardware Co., Ltd. ("the Yakang"), now general manager of Liao Yongjia recruit the most anxious than enough workers to complete orders.
23 is started the next day, but it has more than 1,000 workers Yakang, only 700 people back to work.
Since labor costs are high and recruitment difficulties, 2002 Yakang moved from Shenzhen, Dongguan. I did not expect the end of 2007, is also unable to recruit workers in Dongguan had. There are a number of enterprises in Dongguan to the "First Financial Daily" reporters, said the labor shortage is different from previous years where the old staff turnover even more.
The door of the factory and the nearby densely populated place, hang a sharp Yakang are red recruitment advertising, but Liao Yongjia saw ads blunt are not many new employees come, but before the Spring Festival, announced to employees a new employee referral and three months in a factory that made the policy of 150 awards worked. These days more than 20 people a day move into the, there is more than half of older workers bring.
Dongguan Municipal Labor Bureau statistics show that since the second half of 2009, business volume Ji Zhao P workers there, and there is recruitment difficult situation. It is estimated that the demand of about 350,000 jobs, of which about 150,000 current changes in the gap of about 20 million.
According to the Guangdong Office of Human Resources and Social Security of Mocha, the current employment gap of about 90 enterprises in Guangdong million. However, some media estimates the entire Pearl River Delta lack of work or has more than 200 million people. In the Yangtze River Delta, and even exporter of migrant workers in Sichuan, also experienced an unprecedented labor shortage.
Since reform and opening, rich resources and cheap labor in China's rapid economic development has always been an important advantage of endowments, but also the success of the export substitution strategy to one of the elements. But now, "surplus labor" seems to suddenly disappear, migrant workers is no longer an endless supply of cheap labor groups.
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Attract workers to improve treatment
In order to attract workers to come jobs, higher wages is clearly required.
"Long-term recruitment of a large number of ordinary men and women workers, both skilled students, the wage guarantee the end of 1200 yuan / month, and the other cost of living allowance of 180 yuan / month, providing couples room, family room." This is Yakang belong to East Fortune Group's Dongguan Yahweh Footwear Company Limited outgoing advertisements.
Liaoyong Jia told the newspaper, the current average wage of factory workers in general 1,600 yuan per month between January 1800 and work spaces and other skilled workers, the average wage is about 2,400 yuan a month. Even given these conditions, is still not hire workers, factory 16 production lines, idle 7.
Tangxia reporter in the talent market, Fong Houjie labor market and the talent to see a big market, many job ads site, most are given a monthly salary of 1,300 yuan to 1,600 yuan treatment. The shortage of workers in Dongguan last year by the end of September, the general workers generally pay model: Basic salary 770 / month, overtime Monday to Friday 6.64 yuan / hour, Saturday and Sunday overtime pay 8.85 yuan / hour.
However, these job market, despite the recruitment of human resources, business or third-party company shouted enthusiastically, but it does not appear seekers crowded scene. In some industrial areas, although the advertisements can be seen everywhere, but did not appear busy bustling atmosphere.
Guangdong Province, the Office of Human Resources and Social Security said yesterday that as of February 22 after the holiday has 3.16 million migrant workers from other provinces into Guangdong, accounting for 6.92 million pre-holiday return of 45.7%, the proportion of back post, compared with an increase of 3.9 over the same period last year %. Into Guangdong and other provinces has been more than 98% of migrant workers are migrant workers return to posts.
Based on past experience, most migrant workers return home after the fifteenth day will return to the city a lot, so now the labor shortage may only be temporary. But an interview in Hong Kong and Taiwan-funded enterprises and domestic enterprises in Dongguan generally believed that the number of employees returning from the current situation and the recruitment of view, and have a job after the Lantern Festival, and will not necessarily improve the situation.
Not to employ temporary workers
By convention, the factory is usually at the end of the first to order will be completed early next year to cope with the loss of older employees. In Yakang the board room, at present mainly in the do is to confirm the board last year, leaving floor and modify the board, the development of the new orders are not many.
This may mean that the current labor shortage and recruitment hot, some not because of real demand for production expansion, but on the corporate staff reserves the needs or complete the provisional order.
Another noteworthy phenomenon is that in the second Tangxia Town industrial area, most companies have played a recruitment ad, but dare to pull the banner, the word "long-term job", and often those larger, with plant modernization business. Many companies just posted at the door the size of A2 paper, job posting, and many companies hire workers for temporary mark.
"We now want to give better treatment, in order to retain workers." Liao Yongjia said that, under normal circumstances, the loss of general workers per month was 15% to 20%, skilled workers, compared with 5% to 10%, the average up to 100 employees a month to get away 12 people.
Can Dongguan Honor Lin Wei Jian, general manager told this reporter that the labor shortage situation in the past, many companies hire temporary workers are eating bitterness, sometimes in order to rush to complete orders on hand a large number of temporary resources to the "package foreman "to 50 people, average wages of workers from the usual to extract the ratio of about 10% to the" contractor ", must register with a temporary worker per month will pay an extra 100 yuan.
Lin Wei Jian plant currently employs 200 people, but came back after the Spring Festival Liucheng only about his ideas on the one hand by improving the accommodation and other facilities to boost the hardware, while an appropriate increase in wages. "Although the initial investment will increase, but no longer wish to hire temporary workers from which to save the money back." Lin Wei Jian said.
Forced transformation has begun
Many Zhenjie in Dongguan, in addition to business recruitment brand to become a common sight, the plant leasing ads are not uncommon. Dongguan Taiwan Business Association, Ye Chunrong accepted at the end of January when the media revealed that Guangdong, Dongguan, closed down last year, and the migration of over 500 Taiwan-funded enterprises, while adding more than 300 Taiwan enterprises to invest Dongguan. Shortage of workers with the closure and migration of foreign-funded enterprises co-exist, which seems rather mean.
Forced in the labor shortage, many resorted to various strategies, Dongguan enterprises to reduce or stabilize the demand for the traditional general workers.
"We estimate that the labor shortage will occur this year, but does not intend to move out of Dongguan, while also seeking transformation." Liao Yongjia said Yakang considered mainly from the current production-based, to the "semi-trade" in the direction of change. Currently more than 1,000 of its workers in the board room is more than 200 skilled workers, is responsible for the Accor Group, the East's three factories in Dongguan in product development, future development capacity for further increase may be that some of the orders through the board room proofing After subcontracted to other factories for production.
"Semi-trade" model, the production of more flexible, and this may ease the Yakang passive situation on the job. All the products before Yakang for the export market and 90% are exported to the U.S. market, production and employment are closely related with the U.S. economy, tight labor started around the order, the order came from a need for layoffs, orders not hire more workers Shiyou . Production and recruitment in order to get rid of a greater extent about the economic situation abroad, Yakang also moving from the layout of the market on the Mainland's mind.
"In the long term, new entrants into the labor force in Dongguan less and less job situation will be tight, the cost of labor will continue to rise." Liao Yongjia said, although the Dongguan production base will not move out, but ready Guangdong province to build a production base in Dongguan factory's production to divert pressure.
At the same time, also appeared in Dongguan, an alternative to artificial wave machine purchased.
Dongguan Bureau of Foreign Trade, a leading official told, "Guangzhou Daily" for solution "labor shortage" problem, Dongguan city government 10 billion yuan this year will make good use of special funds to upgrade the processing trade, encourage enterprises to introduce advanced equipment, speed up the traditional technology transformation. At present, the purchase of machinery has become a PRD response to one of the main measures of labor shortage