Forced labor-intensive enterprises have moved labor shortage
Time : 2011-2-17 Hits : 2006 Font : Small Medium Larger [back]
Unlike previous years, the Spring Festival, the southeast province of South China and other traditional labor shortage of workers has emerged. Lack of work is currently focused on the more serious manufacturing, hotel and restaurant decoration and other industries and construction, among which food and beverage processing and manufacturing enterprises and the most urgent business needs. Low-end jobs at home are more willing to labor, and technology-based labor more willing to coastal development. ("Daily News" Feb. 14)
Enterprises in the New Year after the eastern coastal areas face recruitment difficulties, labor shortage, in fact, has not really news, the past few years to begin after the Spring Festival for several years to speak to all rural workers, the difference is this year's shortage of migrant workers relative to the eastern coastal areas situation is more severe than in the past few years, larger, but there is also input to the east of migrant workers and migrant workers exporter enterprise business competition for migrant workers in central and western phenomenon.
Shortage is obviously not a bad thing, this is the majority of migrant workers face poor working and living environment of high prices and low wages make voting with their feet show the helplessness of choice, will help to improve migrant workers living and working environment, can improve the income of migrant workers, narrow the income gap. In fact, most companies can not find workers is by raising wages and benefits of measures to increase recruitment and keep people.
However, higher wages alone can not fundamentally solve the labor shortage problem, and only upgrade to the transfer of their own to solve, in fact, Forced Labor Shortage itself in the vast eastern coastal areas of labor-intensive enterprises have moved to upgrade.
Eastern part of the enterprise recruitment difficulties are mainly labor-intensive enterprises in fact, not high-tech enterprises, income is not difficult to recruit the very high nor very high general public, rather than those whose income is relatively high technology type of workers. From this perspective, the phenomenon caused by shortage of migrant workers there are two main reasons. First, the majority of general workers, whether working in the developed eastern regions, or in the less developed central and western home to work, the development of the future are more limited, there is not much difference, but the income gap is not particularly large. From this perspective, rather than competitive and crowded train to the pressure are particularly large in the eastern part of the work, might as well stay at home work low cost of living. Second, with the central and western economic development, more and more labor-intensive enterprises in particular, on the one hand, and some high-tech workers, general workers in the home can easily find a suitable job, unlike in the past is difficult to find suitable jobs in the home; the other hand, While working in his home treatment is much lower than in the eastern region, but from the cost point of view than the eastern regions. In the author's understanding of medium and small cities in central and western regions in the east with migrant workers about 1 / 3 to 1 / 2, but the central and western regions of the housing and living costs are much lower than in eastern cities, housing prices far eastern Midwest more than 3 times. Buy a house and marriage from the most basic point of view, remain in the home work more practical, more realistic and more cost-effective.
I think that, faced with the reality of shortage of migrant workers, the eastern labor-intensive enterprises should be pragmatic, and only two paths. One way is to upgrade and restructure, to improve their own value-added products, increase profits and profitability, have the ability to significantly increase employee income, give employees the opportunity and ability to stay in the local living life, in order to recruit workers and retain workers. Another way is to cheaper labor costs in central and western regions. In the Midwest can be much lower than the eastern wages to recruit enough workers, and can rely on central and western regions of relatively cheap labor costs to remain competitive, as higher transportation costs, reduced labor costs can offset the associated . Moreover, countries have adopted a strategy of industrial transfer, a number of preferential policies to shift the cost of business is not particularly high, in fact, already have a lot of enterprises in the east beach landing in the Midwest. Labor shortage now the eastern part of corporate strategy should be used to present a golden opportunity to industrial transfer as soon as possible to the cost of the central and western transfer.